Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common childhood disability diseases around the globe. Out of a thousand birth, nearly three live suffers from the disease only in the United States of America. It is a congenital disorder mainly because of abnormal brain development.
Here Cerebral means – something to do with the brain and Palsy means
problem or weakness of using muscles.
It affects muscle movement and posture. A person who suffers from this disease fails to maintain the proper balance of his/her body and the brain fail to maintain the balance of the body.
Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy – As it is a brain function disorder, the patient will suffer from motion and reflex disorder. Due to Abnormal brain development reflex action of the patient’s body is badly affected.
Rigid ribs, muscle spasms, uncontrolled movement, hypotonia, and weak body are some of the main symptoms of Cerebral Palsy. As per some report, nearly 4 per 1,000 live births suffers from Cp across the globe.
Types of Cerebral Palsy- As per the brain disorder growth, Cerebral Palsy is of four types –
1. Spastic cerebral palsy- Damages Motor Cortex
2. Ataxic cerebral palsy – Affects Cerebellum
3. Athetoid/ Dyskinetic cerebral palsy – Damages Basal Ganglia
4. Tremor cerebral palsy- It’s mixed damage in the brain
1. Spastic cerebral palsy – Damages Motor Cortex
Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common type of cerebral palsy and it affects nearly 80% of total cerebral palsy patients. The patient with spastic cerebral palsy sufferers from hypertonia and muscular spasms. The muscles become stiff or tight that creates trouble in body movements like walking, and standing. It is considered the most severe form of cerebral palsy.
2. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy damages the tissues of the Cerebellum. It causes ataxia, speech difficulties, coordination, and voluntary movement issues.
3. Athetoid / Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy
It is also known as non-spastic or dyskinetic cerebral palsy. It damages involuntary movements as it damages the Basal ganglia of the brain. Patients suffer from feeding problems, rigid bodies, posture issues, etc. Nearly 2.5 % of children suffer from Athetoid cerebral palsy.
4. Hypotonic Cerebral Palsy
It is also known as atonic cerebral palsy. Patients suffer from low muscle tone, lack of control of the brain, stability and lack of balance, etc. Nearly 2.6 % of patient suffers from this kind of Palsy.
5. Mixed Type Cerebral Palsy
When a patient shows symptoms of two or more than two types of cerebral palsy then ii comes under the mixed type of cerebral palsy. More than 15 % of total patient suffers from this kind of cerebral palsy.